Macro kvarn::prelude::utils::prelude::compact_str::core::write

1.0.0 · source ·
macro_rules! write {
    ($dst:expr, $($arg:tt)*) => { ... };
}
Expand description

Writes formatted data into a buffer.

This macro accepts a ‘writer’, a format string, and a list of arguments. Arguments will be formatted according to the specified format string and the result will be passed to the writer. The writer may be any value with a write_fmt method; generally this comes from an implementation of either the fmt::Write or the io::Write trait. The macro returns whatever the write_fmt method returns; commonly a fmt::Result, or an io::Result.

See std::fmt for more information on the format string syntax.

§Examples

use std::io::Write;

fn main() -> std::io::Result<()> {
    let mut w = Vec::new();
    write!(&mut w, "test")?;
    write!(&mut w, "formatted {}", "arguments")?;

    assert_eq!(w, b"testformatted arguments");
    Ok(())
}

A module can import both std::fmt::Write and std::io::Write and call write! on objects implementing either, as objects do not typically implement both. However, the module must avoid conflict between the trait names, such as by importing them as _ or otherwise renaming them:

use std::fmt::Write as _;
use std::io::Write as _;

fn main() -> Result<(), Box<dyn std::error::Error>> {
    let mut s = String::new();
    let mut v = Vec::new();

    write!(&mut s, "{} {}", "abc", 123)?; // uses fmt::Write::write_fmt
    write!(&mut v, "s = {:?}", s)?; // uses io::Write::write_fmt
    assert_eq!(v, b"s = \"abc 123\"");
    Ok(())
}

If you also need the trait names themselves, such as to implement one or both on your types, import the containing module and then name them with a prefix:

use std::fmt::{self, Write as _};
use std::io::{self, Write as _};

struct Example;

impl fmt::Write for Example {
    fn write_str(&mut self, _s: &str) -> core::fmt::Result {
         unimplemented!();
    }
}

Note: This macro can be used in no_std setups as well. In a no_std setup you are responsible for the implementation details of the components.

use core::fmt::Write;

struct Example;

impl Write for Example {
    fn write_str(&mut self, _s: &str) -> core::fmt::Result {
         unimplemented!();
    }
}

let mut m = Example{};
write!(&mut m, "Hello World").expect("Not written");